The first presentation of Day 4 was designed from high-resolution global climate modelling to downscaling for impact studies presented by Jost von Hardenberg from CNR-ISAC. He explained climate model complexity and the EC-Earth components, its consortium, model tuning, sensitivity tests to convention and precipitation parameters, atmospheric blocking, and uncertainties in observation data, Bias correction methods and RainFARM stochastic downscaling as well as presented ERA4CS Medscope project.
Two presentations by Dorotea Iovino (CMCC) followed on modelling the zoo of physical ocean processes and observed, modelled sea ice variability more deeply explaining ocean processes in the climate system and ocean models. She added that if the ocean and atmosphere did not move, the climate would be much harsher. During her second presentation she cited what is the cryosphere and continued to speak about sea ice: why it is important, its impact on polar ecosystem, wildlife and on global climate system, artic sea ice conditions and variability, and concluded with ice thickness, salinity and age distribution model LIM3.
A talk on cultural heritage at risk was given by Christina Sabbioni from JPI Culture Heritage. She explained what is JPI Culture Heritage, main actions and Strategic Research Agenda. The most important impact and consequences of climate change are on deterioration of the building materials. Christina Sabbioni highlighted importance of mapping damages and vulnerable areas for different types of impacts as wet-frost, salt crystallisation, biomass accumulation on monuments and concluded that change in the water cycle appears to be the most important danger for cultural heritage.
Rita Licci presented Copernicus Marine services and coastal modelling, Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) products and societal challenges, and explained who needs space and in situ data, and what they expect. There are 120 use cases available online (marine.copernicus.eu), close to 40 online tutorials for beginners and experts. She invited to use CMEMS products and instructed how to download them from the website.
Furthermore, the use of satellite remote sensing data for the preventive conservation of Cultural Properties: the ArTeK experience was presented by Rosa Lasaponara CNR-IMAA. She referenced her own experience working on monitoring and preservation of cultural heritage, mentioning case studies in Bolivia and Peru as Earth Observation Laboratory for the study of human past. Rosa Lasaponara explained why preserve archaeological records and what is archaeological looting, how recognize traces of looting by Remote Sensing and how to protect the archaeological heritage from clandestine excavation. Actions oriented to quantify and monitor looting, extractions can be supported by satellite observations systems.
The day ended with the lovely social dinner thanks to its perfect plates of pasta, gratifyingly you could have small or large portions of the stuff and even double-pasta’d by having one as a starter and one as a main meal.