The third day of the Summer school started with the lecture entitled "Drought in Europe, evidences and coping strategies: a climate services perspective" by Massimiliano Pasqui, CNR-IBIMEZ. The subjects offered were climate-related European disasters with examples from Spain, Italy, France and Germany, impacts of droughts, water scarcity, future droughts projections, the economic losses and coping with droughts, and how to improve readiness. Pasqui particularly highlighted that the climate change challenge is unprecedented for humanity and it requires a change in the way of thinking and acting at different levels as well as shared training resources on climate services and useful links.
Carlo Calfapietra from CNR began his presentation "Role of climate change on vegetation productivity and on fire-risks" by giving a general overview how climate change effects fire factors, its interaction on forest fire, monitoring vegetation biodiversity, productivity and physiological status with two approaches: remote, proximal sensing and field sampling. Additionally, he reflected on land use change by forest fires, post-fire management and vegetation dynamics.
Aspects of the European research and innovation Roadmap for climate services were presented by Roger Street, Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford. He explained the roadmap vision, rationale, challenges and perspectives. While raising the questions: what are the benefits to Europe and Member States and how to enable the climate service market growth across Europe, Roger Street highlighted the need to move to a demand/decision-driven and science-informed framing for climate services. He also suggested the need to better understand both the demand and supply sides of the market, to identify where there is potential for growth, and to consider users' needs and capabilities as well as engaging them in designing, developing and evaluating climate services.
During the second presentation Roger Street introduced climate services as supporting planning and decision-making, its complexity and different analytical approaches. An approach that embraces a more comprehensive adaptation and resilience agenda can facilitate the reduction of existing fragmentation and conflicts and develop a targeted, preventive and adaptive governance system at global, national and local levels. The trainer reflected on Paris agreement, Sendai framework and the UN Agenda 2030 SDGs, mentioning that through the resulting post-2015 agenda we have that comprehensive agenda. More specifically, this agenda is also reflected within the global adaptation goal that calls for action to enhance adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to also contributing the sustainable development and to the mitigation goal. In doing so, Roger Street emphasized the need to consider the roles of climate services in supporting this post-2015 agenda throughout the adaptation planning process.
There was some lively debate and discussion with Roger Street. The discussions focused on the implications of these two key messages – demand-driven and science-informed climate services, and climate services in this post-2015 agenda. The questions related to seeking views on what they mean for climate services and ensuring the skills and capacities to deliver such services. These are challenging times filled with many opportunities and the need for innovations.
Afternoon excursion was undertaken on the walkway of the ‘Mura di Pisa’ with its 11 meters high walls allowing us to observe the city from an unique perspective. That was a pleasant walk to admire from above the typical Pisa overview, from Piazza dei Miracoli to Piazzetta del Rosso, seeing recovered garden, archeological and artistic treasures.