The aim of this Topic is to invite proposals that could contribute to the development of common tools and methods in support of CS. Combination of experience and practice between 30 mandated RPOs (see list below) will enable generic approaches for pan-European, cross-boundary and local climate impact analyses and decision support for public and private policies. These proposals are expected to provide new information and knowledge on the impacts and risks associated with cli-mate and change. The proposals should aim at realizing institutional integration in the develop-ment of new methods, assessments, models, products, analyses and science-stakeholder dialogue forms. Time scales of interest range from monthly to multi-decadal.
The proposals under this topic will aim at minimising the knowledge gap in the production of climate information from observations, climate predictions and projections that are key for adaptation and mitigation to CC. Additionally the projects funded by this Topic will provide information on a global and pan-European regional scale that will eventually complement information that will become available under other EU programs such as H2020, KIC climate and Copernicus.
The tools and methodologies developed in this Topic should enable an integrated harmonisation, benchmarking, evaluation and tailoring of observational and model-derived climate data, enhancing the information content of these products. These activities will lead to the development of an improved and integrated CS product portfolio, in addition to (and which could be later operational-ized by) what the Copernicus Climate Change Service will routinely deliver. Feedback from stake-holders and users should stimulate new concepts and model development (including impact as-sessment models), needed to structure the implications of an uncertain future into practical and applicable products, leading to an enhanced market uptake of climate information. Training, visual-isation and efficient user interfaces are also required to engage a wider range of users, for effec-tiveness of CS but also evaluation and feedback on research strategies.
This Topic seeks to advance our understanding of at least one out of the three following domains:
Proposals may include (but are not limited to) development of methods, models and data analysis techniques to support (multi) sectorial CC impacts assessment in specific geographic domains (e.g. global, Arctic, Mediterranean, mountain areas, coastal zones and shelf seas, urban areas, rural areas…); the development of a reference set of climate outlooks; systems to integrate climatic and non-climatic data, including land cover and smart visualisation tools, to monitor climate impacts; statistical or physical tools to identify and fill gaps in underrepresented areas due to the scarcity of data; modelling or detection-and-attribution tools that put weather extremes in the context of CC; development of new and advanced models, including coupled approaches and community models, for climate simulation and integrated assessments; development of climate data analysis platforms required to produce CS data in research mode.
Specific topics of interest include the hydrological cycle and the quantity and quality of water re-sources (surface reservoirs, streams, glaciers, snow, aquifers,...); landcover, forest and water re-source projection models; extreme events and hydrogeological risk (floods, landslides, avalanches, droughts, erosion, windstorms, storm surges, land subsidence...); sea level rise; heat waves and related impacts; natural and managed ecosystems, agricultural and forestry practices and biodiver-sity preservation. Specific environments of interest are mountains, coastal regions and shelf seas, urban and rural areas exposed to anthropogenic CC stress, either in Europe or in any other area of European interest. Proposals should consider potential applications in socio-economic sectors (in-frastructures, energy, transport, agriculture and forestry, tourism, land use management, health, the natural environment…) and specific user needs.
This topic targets the comparison of existing methods, tools and local climate information, including statistical and dynamical downscaling, demonstrating suitability and providing recommendations and best practices. Design of tailored local climate information to socio-economic sectors and cross sectorial regional analysis taking into account localized climate information and transferability assessment of the results. Identification of the relevant information gaps and user needs due to the diversity of data providers. Design of a common framework of the minimum common user-friendly CS database required at a European scale. This will include assessment of quality and uncertainties, as well as an improved understanding of user expectations and requirements. Studies that inform guidelines of the appropriate use of data in the development of CS are also included.